Feb 022014
 
Screen Shot 2014-01-31 at 17.06.36

In late October I started a series on Twitter and Python tweepy. Then it got pushed to one side by HDMIPi. But now I’ve managed to find some “recreational” time to play with tweepy a bit more.

So in this post, which is part 2, I’m going to show you how to post a tweet using a Python program on the Raspberry Pi.

Create Your Twitter App

Create a twitter app on your twitter account, as we did in part 1 here

Give Your App Permission to Write

Then make your app read/write. You won’t be able to tweet unless you give it permission to write. Newly created apps are read-only by default. Click on the settings tab and scroll down until you see this…

Give your app Read and Write permissions

Give your app Read and Write permissions

…then make sure that Read and Write is selected. Then click “Update this twitter application’s settings“.

Install Tweepy (if you haven’t already)

Here’s how you install tweepy.

Now We’re Ready to Code

A lot of our code from last time can be re-used. But if you’ve created a new app, or changed the permissions on an old one, you might have to create new ‘Access tokens’.

The main new tweepy function we’re using is…
api.update_status(tweet_text)

tweet_text is the text we type in at the time of running the program (in quotes)

update_status() is the function to post a tweet in tweepy.

The first 17 lines set up authorisation. Pretty much the same as before, but we’ve added import sys to help us with the command line input arguments.
19-20 pulls in the command line text (if any) to tweet
22-23 provides a ‘default’ tweet in case no text was entered
25 checks the tweet text isn’t too long
26 sends the tweet
27-28 if the entered tweet is too long it warns you and nothing is sent

#!/usr/bin/env python2.7
# tweet.py by Alex Eames http://raspi.tv/?p=5908  
import tweepy
import sys

# Consumer keys and access tokens, used for OAuth
consumer_key = 'type in your consumer key here'
consumer_secret = 'type in your consumer secret here'
access_token = 'type in your access token here'
access_token_secret = 'type in your access token secret here'

# OAuth process, using the keys and tokens
auth = tweepy.OAuthHandler(consumer_key, consumer_secret)
auth.set_access_token(access_token, access_token_secret)
 
# Creation of the actual interface, using authentication
api = tweepy.API(auth)

if len(sys.argv) >= 2:
    tweet_text = sys.argv[1]

else:
    tweet_text = "Still messing about with tweepy and twitter API. :)"

if len(tweet_text) <= 140:
    api.update_status(tweet_text)
else:
    print "tweet not sent. Too long. 140 chars Max."

I called the program tweet.py and made it executable with
chmod +x tweet.py
then ran it with...
./tweet.py "This is a test tweet using a Python program. :) ===>"

If you run it this way, the sys.argv[1] will work correctly.

If you prefer to run it as...
python tweet.py, you'll need to change sys.argv[1] to sys.argv[2] in line 19.

Note that I put the whole tweet in quotes. If you don't do that, Python treats each word as a separate command line 'argument'. Also note, that if you use single quotes and your tweet text includes an apostrophe, it'll get all messed up. (i.e. your tweet will be shortened).

Test tweet command and output

Test tweet command and output

Trying without a tweet...
./tweet.py
...gives you this...

What happens if you don't type a tweet

What happens if you don't type a tweet

What Next?

Next time we'll do something more advanced and interesting with the 'default' settings, so something else will happen if we type no tweet text. We'll take some information from somewhere and tweet about it. Click here to go there now.

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